Smart Financial Inclusion
By Renato de Castro
Smart City Senior Consultant
Specialized In Investment Attraction And Management For Sc Projects
New technologies to propel Smart Cities development, fostering a new “smarter” society.
I have had a fantastic time in China, you can bet; but I never felt 100% integrated. Although I was formally working, and consequently helping the local and amazing quick development and paying all my regular and compulsory taxes, as any other “beijinger”, at the end of the day I was neither a citizen nor somebody fully absorved by the local environment. No voice to discuss or suggest about “my” city management and no credit offer, even having a local bank account. One should be thinking: “well, it is China! It is a very peculiar institutional landscape over there!”.
No one doubts the influence of new concepts, sharing and cre-ative economy in developing Smart Cities. Since the eighties the American economist and social scientist Richard Florida explores the role of the creative class in the urban development and wealth. According to him, the Creative Class is one of the key driving forces for economic development of post-industrial cities in the United States. And he was completely right! Some-how this social diversity based on some of the new groups of creative people, including also artists and bohemians was one of the key points for the raise and boom of the new tech-para-dises in USA. If we combine the social diversity proposed by Florida with the new reality of the millennials, the new gener-ation that is now reaching the working and consumption mar-ket, we have pure energy, a rich fuel to drive the development of our smart cities. This prolificous scenario, and the amazing opportunities that can arise from this exchange of knowledge and culture might be threatened, however, due to issues that point out to the opposite direction: bureaucracy and difficulties of official authorities in dealing with such diversity may realy compromise the ability of cities to embrace innovation.
The world was never as globalized as it is now. People’s mo-bility beyond boundaries is a reality, not only in markets where the frontiers were opened such as Europe, but also in new fresh territories such as Asia, Latin America and also Africa. In my 7 years experience living in Beijing, China, I was able to have a normal western-style life thanks to the astonishing number of 300.000 foreigners living there. The same situation of cultural and social diversity can be also found in other big metropolis such as Tokyo, Singapore, Lagos, Mumbai, New York, London and São Paulo.Among other reasons, it is definitely due to their ability to benefit from all of this multicultural and creative sce-nario that makes them flouris as vibrant ecosystems for innova-tion and for new startups.
If you are one of those, just think about the reality of your city. I live now in Italy, and even though it is a country fully inte-grated into the European Union I face the same sort of issues that I used to face in China. We can also see similar scenarios in almost all of the big cities around the world, in which diversity is always fol-lowed by significant challenges in terms of promoting the integration of those indi-viduals, both in terms of public policies as well as to access to products and services available localy. Back to Florida’s insight, social diversity may be the key point for an outstanding creative class, but it will not be productive if there is not enough integration as the basis for it to flourish.
That is why this article will explore new solutions that are emerging to promote a full and deep social inclusion in smart cities of the future. Social integration can be addressed through several points of reference, and We will look at it through the economic point of view. In a very el-ementary analysis, social inclusion will definitely reflect on individuals access to products,services and goods, from the ba-sic needs to high-end ones. No doubts, in this sense, that a considerable proportion of our purchase power depends on the lev-el of credit that is available within a certain market. If in the past my grandfather had to save money during 20 years to by his first car -when he was almost 40 years old – nowadays my son would be able to buy his first one even before getting his driving license and keep paying it for the next 20 years. But He “would be able”, I said. If, on the one hand, the perspectives and need for credit have changed drastically, on the other our finance and banking systems are still very traditional, and not unusu-ally significantly facing new regulations that are a threat to the current speed and mobility seen on other areas of the global market. They can even be following the digitalization trend that offers 24/7 on line services, but in terms of credit analysis most of them are still doing as it was 50 years ago. To get access to credit you need to have a credit record, a real guarantee or at least some sort of sponsor or guarantor. As a consequence, we are keeping out of this credit market not only non-residents and foreigners, but also a big amount of the new generation workers, the millenni-als, and a wide range of individuals whose profile fall out of the traditional credit risk assessment. This generation doesn’t have a credit record now, mainly because they are fresh in the market, and its intrinsec dynamism will probably not allow them to have a traditional one in the near future. They are known as the job-hopping gen-eration, with global mobility. Several re-searches suggest that by 2020 they will be roughly 50% of the USA workforce and 75% of the global workforce by 2030, so it was about time to start developing smart credit solutions to meet the demands of these new global citizens.
Smart Credit is a concept that is becom-ing widely spread in newly industrialized countries such as Brazil, Mexico and In-dia. They are heavily populated markets with a young population. However they are all huge economies in terms of GDP, and credit is not only a local need, but also an important economic tool to promote economic development and social inclu-sion. One of the most successful cases in this field comes from a Brazilian company called Zetrasoft. It is a mature software and business intelligence company that decided to promote a concept that disrupt-ed the credit market. After several suc-cessful pilot trials within Brazilian market, its Founder, Mr. Renato Araujo, launched a global startup project, based on the same platform used in Brazil, but conceived in light of the needs to integration and inclu-sion that the smart cities already face.With headquarters in the world’s FinTech par-adise, London, this new initiative, called Salaryfits, is promising to spread the word to many other countries. Within less than 18 months, they are already operating in global scale, with projects being piloted in India, Portugal, Italy and Mexico.
Salaryfits has combined 2 traditional finance tools to develop the product they called ZmartCredit™: Salary deduction loans and Big Data deep integration, pow-ered by a cutting-edge BI technology. Their top secret project, that will be start-ed in the near future, will be even more innovative by applying new concepts of IoT to credit management in a personal level.They already manage more than 4.5 million accounts around the world, so you can imagine the disruption that initiatives like this can produce. Another important issue for them is promoting Financial ed-ucation, which they have been doing since 2012. According to Mr. Renato Araújo, a conscious management of personal credit is the key point for a wealthier economy.
The basic solution proposed by Sal-aryfits is a BI tool to integrate fastly and efficientlythe credit offer from the local providers to the payroll systems of enti-ties; and itdoesn’t matter if those of public administration or of private companies . Salaryfits willprocess this information and allow the credit providers to better access the credit profile of the employees of those entities. This technology helps to reduce credit risks and enables employees to get interest rates lower than other modalities. It works well to all stakeholders involved: the local financial institutions and other providers, companies and employees (Cit-izens), that can get access to cost-effec-tive and convenient credit lines, with the possibility of comparing costs and doing simulations on-line – in the same way that we currently do when searching forflight tickets and hotel rooms in Kayak or Tri-pAdvisor. Once the individuals decide what the best offer is, they can easily get the credit from the institution chosen and the instalment/repayment will be automat-ically deducted monthly from their sala-ry.It means that it does not matter if you are or not a citizen or have or not a pre-vious credit record or even a good credit score, you can get a good and fair cred-it offer whenever you need it. A process that untill now has been totally connected to your social status is becoming smarter and tailor-fit to our new Smart Citizens profile. This type of solution, that is truly commited with sustainability, can also be a key element to foster financial inclusion. Through their work within Indian market, for example, Salaryfits is talking to a cou-ple of financial providers in order to offer the first set of financial products for those who have never had access to financial in-stitutions before. Besides their usual credit solution, They are partnering with pre-paid cards and e-wallets providers in or-der to offer those products to empoloyees that usually receive their payment in cash or check. Those employees will, through this solution, have their e-wallet or card and top it up conveniently on a monthly basis, all in a very secure and convenient transaction. The best part of it is that they can have access to those without the need to go through painful, demanding and bu-reaucratic KYC’s procedures.